Dandruff is perplexing. Like acne, it can cause distress or embarrassment, but it is not serious or fatal. Dandruff is the most common single ailment of the scalp.
Medically it is termed pityriasis capitis. Another term for dandruff conditions is seborrhea. These terms stand for an abnormal shedding of the scalp in which white scales appear on the hair, hairbrush, and on the shoulders of clothing.
There are two types of dandruff: oleosa or oily, and sicca or dry. The type is determined by the amount of oil or sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands.
What causes dandruff?
The basic causes of dandruff are a faulty diet, emotional tension, hormonal disturbance, infection due to disease, injury to the scalp, and unwise or excessive use of hair cosmetics.
Dandruff, along with acne, is seen more in teenagers than in other age groups. The reason is that during the teenage years the body secretes relatively more androgen hormones and so is prone to dandruff conditions.
The foods you eat aggravate dandruff. Too much chocolate, nuts, shellfish, iodized salt, butter, and fried foods in the diet increase the skin’s production of sebum, which can cause dandruff.
Do you have dandruff? If so, here’s what you can do to correct it:
- Shampoo regularly. If your scalp tends to be normal or dry, once-a-week shampooing is fine. If hair is on the oily side, shampoo twice a week. Along with a suitable shampoo or soap, a doctor may recommend extra treatments.
- Brush and comb hair regularly, thoroughly, and well. Be sure that hairbrush bristles are soft and natural.
- Use hair cosmetic preparations wisely. Always follow usage directions exactly and keep in mind that frequent bleaching, teasing, roller curlers, permanent-wave lotions, and over-use of hair sprays may be damaging to the hair and scalp.
- Observe sensible rules of healthful diet and exercise. Sleep, rest, and the foods that provide you with the nutrients essential for good health also contribute to a handsome head of hair and a healthy scalp.
Best dandruff shampoo for scalp and eyebrow
Mix a half cup vinegar in a half cup of water. Wet hair with this solution. Dry lightly with a towel. Now beat an egg and massage it into the hair (or eyebrow). Rinse thoroughly.
Shampoo with a mixture prepared in the following way: Boil half a pound of pure plain soap in a quart of water until soap has the consistency of sour cream. Add one ounce of denatured alcohol. Let cool. Shampoo and rinse.
Dandruff is just one hair problem. There are far more serious problems of the hair that can afflict people of any age. Today, we know more than ever before about the causes of these special problems and are constantly developing better, more scientific, ways of treating them.