Dandruff is perplexing. Like acne, it can cause distress or embarrassment, but it is not serious or fatal. Dandruff is the most common single ailment of the scalp.
Medically it is termed pityriasis capitis. Another term for dandruff conditions is seborrhea. These terms stand for an abnormal shedding of the scalp in which white scales appear on the hair, hairbrush, and on the shoulders of clothing.
There are two types of dandruff: oleosa or oily, and sicca or dry. The type is determined by the amount of oil or sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands.
What causes dandruff?
The basic causes of dandruff are a faulty diet, emotional tension, hormonal disturbance, infection due to disease, injury to the scalp, and unwise or excessive use of hair cosmetics.
Dandruff, along with acne, is seen more in teenagers than in other age groups. The reason is that during the teenage years the body secretes relatively more androgen hormones and so is prone to dandruff conditions.
The foods you eat aggravate dandruff. Too much chocolate, nuts, shellfish, iodized salt, butter, and fried foods in the diet increase the skin’s production of sebum, which can cause dandruff.
Do you have dandruff? If so, here’s what you can do to correct it:
- Shampoo regularly. If your scalp tends to be normal or dry, once-a-week shampooing is fine. If hair is on the oily side, shampoo twice a week. Along with a suitable shampoo or soap, a doctor may recommend extra treatments.
- Brush and comb hair regularly, thoroughly, and well. Be sure that hairbrush bristles are soft and natural.
- Use hair cosmetic preparations wisely. Always follow usage directions exactly and keep in mind that frequent bleaching, teasing, roller curlers, permanent-wave lotions, and over-use of hair sprays may be damaging to the hair and scalp.
- Observe sensible rules of healthful diet and exercise. Sleep, rest, and the foods that provide you with the nutrients essential for good health also contribute to a handsome head of hair and a healthy scalp.
Best dandruff shampoo for scalp and eyebrow
Mix a half cup vinegar in a half cup of water. Wet hair with this solution. Dry lightly with a towel. Now beat an egg and massage it into the hair (or eyebrow). Rinse thoroughly.
Shampoo with a mixture prepared in the following way: Boil half a pound of pure plain soap in a quart of water until soap has the consistency of sour cream. Add one ounce of denatured alcohol. Let cool. Shampoo and rinse.
Dandruff is just one hair problem. There are far more serious problems of the hair that can afflict people of any age. Today, we know more than ever before about the causes of these special problems and are constantly developing better, more scientific, ways of treating them.
People also ask
How to Take Care of Dandruff-Prone Hair
Dandruff can result from dry scalp causing the outer layer of skin to peel and flake, or from oily scalp producing scales which spread through the hair. Other causes include poor general health or an infection.
Except in special cases, dandruff can be cleared by good diet (protein, vitamins, instead of starches, fats, sweets), daily brushing, and regular fingertip scalp massage.
Where dandruff is concerned, cleanliness is nearly all. Shampoo your hair often. Keep your brushes and combs clean. Don’t lend them to other people – use only your own.
Oily hair is best washed often and given in-between brushing treatments with gauze or cheesecloth stretched over the brush bristles. Change the cloth as it picks up the grime.
Dry hair reacts badly to over-exposure to sun or extreme heat. The dry-haired should go for temporary rinses and semi-permanent coloring rather than permanent tinting or bleaching.
Dry hair gets a pick-me-up from the use of a special dressing between shampoos. This is non greasy. Brushed through the hair, it gives sheen and doesn’t stain pillowcase or clothes.
Fine hair – men love its soft silkiness, but it can be a cross instead of a crowning glory. Treat it always with tender loving care – very mild shampoos and a gentle permanent to give it body.
Damaged hair means split ends, lifeless and broken hair – all self-inflicted wounds. Try this: Have it cut shorter. Handle it as though you cared. Brush it gently, do with minimum teasing, don’t sleep on it in rollers, keep it out of sun, salt water.
How to Maintain a Healthy Scalp
Hair-conditioning treatments give the hair a boost in color and shine. Your hairdresser can give you a warm oil treatment, or you can do it yourself at home.
Simply massage your scalp all over with warm olive oil until it tingles. Then cover your head with a hot towel, leave it for ten minutes or so, and shampoo.
Choose a shampoo that is designed to suit your particular hair condition – normal, dry, oily or dandruff-disposed. A good shampoo not only cleans but imparts an eye-catching sheen to your crowning glory.
Generally speaking, dry hair may be washed every ten days; oily hair usually needs washing more often. After the shampoo give yourself three changes of rinsing water, or invest in a hairspray. Hair that squeaks with cleanliness is your aim.
Brush dry hair with long, even strokes of the brush. Then rub it with a silk handkerchief or scarf for additional shine.